This chapter describes a module which may be used for the encoding of names and other phrases descriptive of persons, places, or organizations, in a manner more detailed than that possible using the elements already provided for these purposes in the Core module. In section 3. The elements provided by the present module allow the encoder to supply a detailed sub-structure for such referring strings, and to distinguish explicitly between names of persons, places, and organizations. This module also provides elements for the representation of information about the person, place, or organization to which a given name is understood to refer and to represent the name itself, independently of its application. In simple terms, where the core module allows one simply to represent that a given piece of text is a name , this module allows one further to represent a personal name , to represent the person being named, and to represent the canonical name being used. A similar range is provided for names of places and organizations. The main intended applications for this module are in biographical, historical, or geographical data systems such as gazetteers and biographical databases, where these are to be integrated with encoded texts.
Do You Really Have to Write Out “2020” on Checks to Avoid Being Scammed?
Visitors to a web site from varying locales may be confused by date formats. The separators may be slashes, dashes or periods. Some locales print leading zeroes, others suppress them. Your first impulse may be to assume this problem will be taken care of during localization of the web pages – i. Resist this impulse. Do you really want to keep separate copies of documents for the U.
Home» Classroom» Dating Conventions The abbreviation BC always appears after the date; the abbreviation AD always appears before the date. 4. A time.
We preserve and provide access to the records of the U. Many of the documents at the National Archives are handwritten records such as letters, memos, and reports. By transcribing documents, you can help us unlock history and discover hidden aspects of records and the stories they contain. All documents are unique and may contain various aspects such as stamps, tables, or charts. Type what you see and follow the order and layout as best you can. Type words exactly as they are written in the document.
This includes capitalization, abbreviations, names, dates, and even misspelled words. The goal of transcription in the National Archives Catalog is to enhance searchability. Every word you transcribe helps improve search results for that document. You may include [crossed out] next to crossed out text to indicate its format, as it may provide information useful to the document. Include punctuation exactly as noted in the document, even if it is incorrect.
Compare similar letters in the document to help confirm that you are reading the text correctly.
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PDF version. Are dates required on these food products? Does it mean the product will be unsafe to use after that date? Here is some background information answering these and other questions about product dating. What is Food Product Dating? Two types of product dating may be shown on a product label.
To make room for the ZIP Code, state names needed to be abbreviated. The Department provided an initial list of abbreviations in June , but many had.
The western-style year dating convention commonly used in many parts of the world was created by the monk Dionysius Exiguus in or about the year AD The convention is based on Exiguus’ determination of the year in which Jesus Christ was born. In sixth century Europe, the concept of “zero” was still unknown. Thus, the year 1 BC was followed by the year AD 1.
Furthermore, modern scholars believe Christ’s birth was actually four years earlier than Exiguus thought. In spite of these deficiencies, the dating system devised by Exiguus is now too deeply ensconced in the Western world to easily change. Perhaps the most unfortunately characteristic of this convention is that “BC” is a suffix used after the year while “AD” is a prefix used before the year. This inconvenient when generating computerized lists because extra columns must be reserved for both prefixes and suffixes.
However, Exiguus’ dating system still lacks a “0” year which makes calendrical calculations awkward. The “astronomical” dating system refers to an alternative method of numbering years. It includes the year “0” and eliminates the need for any prefixes or suffixes by attributing the arithmetic sign to the date.
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Convention for displaying the short-date in the electronic health record. The following rules are a suggested approach to the display of dates in health care. I think these make Month: written as a three-letter abbreviation.
Formats for Writing a Date Short Format: Month date, year Sometimes, a date is written like this: June 28, note that there is a comma after the day, but not after the month. Long Format: Day, Month date, year Sometimes, a date is written in long form, like this: Sunday, June 28, note that there are commas after the day of the week and the day of the month, but there is no comma after the month. Note that the month is replaced by a number see the chart below and sometimes only the last two digits of the year appear.
Note that in some countries, the month and day are reversed in all of these formats. May Jun. Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Day of the Month Month Jan. Number of Days 31 28 or 29 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 Printable Activities These printable activities have the student do an in-depth examination of the date. The student learns how to write the date in many ways, and learns how to abbreviate the days of the week, the months, and the year.
Today’s Date: A Calendar Worksheet This worksheet explains how to write the date in three different ways ways.
Year Dating Conventions
This is the case with writing and saying years. Why do we have more than one word to represent an era? How do we punctuate and capitalize these abbreviations?
Dates in the Gregorian calendar in the Western world have always used the era BC is an abbreviation of the English phrase before Christ, while AD is an Also, traditional convention says that BC comes after a date (e.g., BC, or year.
Too often on paper medical documents and digital health record, it is unclear what the date is. Spending time to figure out what the date reads is a waste of time and clearly dangerous. The following rules are a suggested approach to the display of dates in health care. I think these make the most sense for English speaking countries. That project looked at existing standards and best practices to date last updated in , as well as took into consideration patient safety issues in the NHS.
They prioritize display that confers: certainty, clarity, and readability. The short date format should be used to display the date on materials designed for consumption by healthcare workers. This definitely simplifies things, and so I agree with this recommendation as a way to simplify the UX too. Starts with a capital.
Writing Years with AD (Anno Domini), BC (Before Christ), BCE, and CE
The western-style year dating convention commonly used in many parts of the world was created by the monk Dionysius Exiguus in or about the year AD The convention is based on Exiguus’ determination of the year in which Jesus Christ was born. In sixth century Europe, the concept of “zero” was still unknown.
This page contains the astronomical dating conventions used of Fred of the religiously neutral abbreviations BCE (for “Before Common Era”).
The Gregorian calendar is the global standard for the measurement of dates. Despite originating in the Western Christian tradition, its use has spread throughout the world and now transcends religious, cultural and linguistic boundaries. As most people are aware, the Gregorian calendar is based on the supposed birth date of Jesus Christ.
Do they mean the same thing, and, if so, which should we use? This article provides an overview of these competing systems. The idea to count years from the birth of Jesus Christ was first proposed in the year by Dionysius Exiguus, a Christian monk. Standardized under the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the system spread throughout Europe and the Christian world during the centuries that followed. These abbreviations have a shorter history than BC and AD, although they still date from at least the early s.
Since the Gregorian calendar has superseded other calendars to become the international standard, members of non-Christian groups may object to the explicitly Christian origins of BC and AD. It is widely accepted that the actual birth of Jesus occurred at least two years before AD 1, and so some argue that explicitly linking years to an erroneous birthdate for Jesus is arbitrary or even misleading. In , education authorities in Australia were forced to deny that such a change had been planned for national school textbooks amid a similar controversy triggered by media reports.
Sex and drugs: Popular gay dating app allows users to find more than a date
Just as you will be learning a new way of telling time, the military has their own way of annotating dates. This standardization ensures that all dates are understood correctly no matter who may be reading or writing them. With months that you may normally spell out completely such as the month of July which is used in the following civilian example: July 28
You can search for all these abbreviations and more in the dictionary search BP, Before Present (before , in dating system used in geology, archaeology, etc.) There are different conventions regarding the punctuation of abbreviations.
Mike is a teaching assistant in New York City, and to supplement his income, he has a second job: He sells drugs. The rise of gay dating sites in the s, such as early entrants Manhunt and Adam4Adam, provided gay men with new ways to connect. But over time, digital platforms geared toward LGBTQ men have also created a more convenient way for gay and bi men — a population that disproportionately uses illicit substances due to social stigma, discrimination and other minority stressors — to find drugs, and for drug dealers to find them.
However, those who use the app say it is still home to a robust market for illicit substances. Grindr users discreetly reference crystal meth by putting a diamond emoji in their profile, and snowflake emojis are used to get the attention of those looking to purchase cocaine. While there is no data that quantifies drug activity on Grindr, a dozen people who use the app spoke to NBC News about its prevalence. Jones said approximately men responded to the ad he and his fellow researchers posted to Grindr.
According to data from the U. Department of Health and Human Services, 1. Despite the many gay dating apps through which he could potentially push his product, Mike, the New York drug dealer, said he exclusively uses Grindr. NBC News spoke to several Grindr users who said they attempted to flag profiles of those selling or offering drugs, but to no avail.
Making Sense of Military Dates
Months with four-character names, such as June, are not abbreviated. This format defaults to a two-digit year, but can be overridden to have four digits. Eight-character hexadecimal representation of the system date. Format type B with a four-digit year no separator specified and the format type does not include separators, so none will be included. Format type 4, with French Canadian as the locality.
How do we punctuate and capitalize these abbreviations? Show your students examples of these dates in a lesson and then go over the.
The essential skill of a paleographer is the ability to recognize the numerous styles of handwriting prevalent in different ages and places. Most European scripts descend from Greek and Roman capital letters, but variations are enormous. It is a European convention that writing starts on the left at the top and works line by line down the page. The Greek and Latin alphabets existed originally as capital, or majuscule , letters. The ancient Greek alphabet , as developed in chiselled inscriptions on stone or marble, served without much modification as the alphabet used in literary works written on papyrus rolls.
This script, found in the oldest surviving Greek literary papyri of c. Cursive scripts that were easier to write were developed for everyday use, for business, and to record the acts of the great bureaucracy of Egypt, where the Greeks settled in large numbers.
Analysis of texts
The Dates module provides two types for working with dates: Date and DateTime , representing day and millisecond precision, respectively; both are subtypes of the abstract TimeType. The motivation for distinct types is simple: some operations are much simpler, both in terms of code and mental reasoning, when the complexities of greater precision don’t have to be dealt with. For example, since the Date type only resolves to the precision of a single date i. Both Date and DateTime are basically immutable Int64 wrappers.
Additional time zone functionality can be added through the TimeZones. Date and DateTime types can be constructed by integer or Period types, by parsing, or through adjusters more on those later :.
blog or website looking the Wild West of basic grammatical conventions. Ages; Abbreviations and Acronyms; Cities; States; Dates, Days.
In running text, numbers are expressed in words or figures according to the guidelines set out below. All numbers may be expressed in words in isolated references to approximate measures and periods of time. Numbers between 10 and , are normally written in figures, except as noted above. Note : The words “per cent” are normally written out. Note : In decimal fractions expressing a number that is less than one, a zero is inserted before the decimal point.
A zero may be added after the last digit if necessary to indicate the level of accuracy. All numbers in a table or series should be carried to the same decimal place. The majority vote is always given first. In running text, numbers in the millions are written as follows: 1 million, 3. The same rules apply to numbers in the billions and trillions.
When two numbers occur together, they should be expressed in different styles, according to the nature of the elements and the context. When two or more numbers to which different rules apply occur in a series in the same sentence, the rule applying to the higher or highest number applies to all.